Flu Symptoms In Adults: Flu affects many people all over the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it affects between 5 and 10 percent of all adults in the world. Sadly, 250,000 to 500,000 people die from it because of delayed treatments. This is usually because they overlooked the symptoms or thought that it was another ailment hence misdiagnosing it. Many people are actually surprised to learn that they have the flu.
Data from The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicates that the cases of flu have been on the rise. Annually, there are between 9.2 million and 35.6 million cases of influenza that are reported since 2010. This is a worrying trend considering that complications such as pneumonia, heart disease asthma can lead to untimely death. Adults just like children are greatly affected and it’s paramount to take precautionary measures to combat it.
Like any other diseases or medical condition, it’s important to have an idea of what the symptoms are. It normally affects the respiratory system which includes the nose, throat, bronchi and the lungs. The symptoms will vary depending on the stage, age, person’s health but most are commonly shared. With proper knowledge, it becomes much easier to manage the condition. The following are the key flu symptoms in adults.
A person with influenza will experience a fever from the onset and it becomes worse over time. The body temperature will be higher than normal and you can confirm this by placing the back of your hand on the forehead or using a thermometer to take your temperature. In the beginning, it will be within the range of 100 Deg Fahrenheit /37.7 Celsius and will increase over time to about 104 Deg F (40C). It may not remain constant throughout but will keep fluctuating. The fever may disappear after one week as the body’s immunity fights off the foreign bodies.
Many people with influenza will complain of a severe headache that makes them dysfunctional. It mainly affects the region behind the eyes and the forehead and may be a continuous or a throbbing headache. The discomfort is usually made worse by things like excessive light or noise. In addition to a headache, the victim may also experience light sensitivity, red eyes, teary eyes, or a burning sensation. Due to similarity with other conditions such as the common cold, some people may overlook the flu.
Coughing is also another common symptom of influenza. It occurs when the respiratory system tries to combat the virus. In the beginning, the cough will be mild and you will cough less often. It will also be dry and this may leave your throat a little dry and also painful. The coughing will become worse over time and you will cough more often, it will be less dry and you will notice some sputum. At this point, the throat and the respiratory system may have been inflamed. It’s also common to have a sore thought due to damage to the tissues because of constant coughing and irritation. A sore throat usually goes away after 3 to 5 days.
Joint pains, Muscle Aches
Influenza also comes with pain in the joints such as the knees, ankles, elbows, and wrists. Researchers say that this is due to less water or lubrication in the joints because of loss of water or moisture. Inflammation is also another possibility because of the virus attacking the affected regions. Furthermore, a victim will also have sore muscles that affect the legs, arms, and back. The intensity of the pain and aches varies from person to person and also at the stage of the influence. However, it is mild in the beginning and may become severe later on.
Weakness and Tiredness
If you feel generally worn out even when not working or engaging in a tiresome activity, then it’s possible you have the flu. Simple activities like walking, getting up, waking up, and going to the bathroom will feel quite daunting. Some people find it difficult to even go to work or school because of the exhaustion. This becomes worse when the person is also experiencing painful joints or muscle ache. Other than the weakened immune system, lack of sufficient sleep is also a caused for the tiredness.
Stuffy or a runny nose
: This is one of the symptoms that flu shares with the common cold. You may experience a stuffy nose that makes breathing a little difficult and it tends to get worse over time. People suffering from respiratory-related diseases like asthma, pneumonia, and bronchitis need to be vigilant to avoid complication which can be fatal. You also may have a runny nose which is quite uncomfortable. Blowing your nose too often may lead to irritation or nasal inflammation.
Malaise and Lack of Appetite
Malaise and lack of appetite are also flu symptoms in adults. the victim will generally feel uncomfortable, less-energetic and will be in an irritable mood. Also, he/she will be uneasy, feel groggy, will lack appetite, and will have the chills (feeling cold and shaking). Usually, this is indicative of an infection or low immunity. It is, therefore, crucial to encourage the person to eat and drink plenty of healthy fluids to boasts the immune system.
Flu may appear not life-threatening and this is why many people take it for granted. Some will choose to ignore the symptoms, others will try to self-medicate, where some victims will seek cure when it is at an advanced stage. Sadly, this may cause more complications that can even lead to death.
Research shows that the flu-causing virus is always evolving and earlier treatment may not work effectively. Not completing the prescribed dosage or mixing treatment with other substances is one of the causes. In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that the effectiveness of the flu vaccine for that period a mere 23%.
It is paramount you take charge whenever you suspect you influenza. Understanding and confirming the flu symptoms in adults is the first line of defense. Thereafter, you should seek medical advice from a licensed and qualified medical practitioner or doctor.
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